Grammar for IELTS
Nouns are commonly referred to as terms that refer to a person, object, place, or concept.
How can a noun be identified?
The word is a noun, if you can place “the” word before a word and it sounds like a unit.
For example: the teacher, the football, the elephant.
Test your understanding:
(1.1) Which of the following words sound like a unit when you put them here:- the _____
(1.2) Now underline the nouns in the following phrases:-
- their condition
- her dark hair
- people should
- those tankers
- his jokes
(1.2) condition, hair, people, tankers, jokes
Verbs express actions!
How to identify a verb?
A word with “should” or “to” in the front and it sounds complete, then it’s a verb.
Examples: should speak, should call, should say
speak, call, say are the verbs
Examples: to get, to use, to carry
get, use, carry are the verbs
There are irregular verbs, for example: am, are, is, was, were, be, been, being. They are also called linking verbs.
For example: I am eating., You are eating., I was eating., You were eating
TEST YOUR UNDERSTANDING:
(2.1) find out which words are verbs among: arrange, idiot, biggest, how, learn?
There are only 3 articles – a, an & the.
Definate articles: a, an
Indefinate articles: the
Articles tell more information about nouns in a sentence.
It also indicate if the speaker and listeners both know the specifics of the topic.
- I bought a white laptop. (listener doesn’t know anything about the white laptop.)
- I sold the white laptop. (Listener knows which white laptop speaker is talking about.)
An adjective is a word that tells more about some characteristic of a noun.
How to recognize an adjective?
In the event that you can put a word among “the” and a noun (like kid, or thought), at that point that word is an adjective.
In the event that you can put a word among “the” and a noun (for instance, the ___ person), at that point that word is an adjective.
You can put,
the insane person
the smart person
the active person
the lazy person
Thus, insane, smart, active, lazy are all examples of adjectives.
A preposition word is a word or gathering of words utilized before a noun, pronoun, or noun expression for showing direction, location, time, area, spatial connections, or to present an item. A few instances of relational words will be words like “in,” “at,” “on,” “of,” and “to.”
prepositions words in English are exceptionally colloquial. In spite of the fact that there are a few guidelines for utilization, much relational word use is directed by fixed articulations. In these cases, it is ideal to retain the expression rather than the individual relational word.
Conjunctions are grammatical features that associate words, expressions, provisions, or sentences. There are three sorts of conjunctions: organizing, combined, and subjecting.
Planning conjunctions associate words or expressions that fill a similar syntactic need in a sentence. There are seven principle organizing conjunctions in English.
Combined conjunctions comprise of two words or expressions that help come to a meaningful conclusion or set up choices. Albeit matched conjunctions can be useful in organizing a sentence, they can likewise make sentences wordier than would normally be appropriate, so utilize these conjunctions sparingly.
Subjecting conjunctions join a subordinate statement to a fundamental proviso and builds up a connection between the two.
In any composition, the three tenses utilized the regularly are the (a) straightforward present, (b) basic past, and (c) present awesome. The following most regular tense is the future; some significant evaluations, course tasks, and the doctoral examination proposition at Walden are written in this strained for an investigation that will be directed later on.
Simple present: Use the basic present to portray an overall truth or a constant activity. This strained shows that the announcement is commonly evident previously, present, and future.
Example: The emergency clinic concedes patients whether they have evidence of protection.
Simple past: Use the straightforward past tense to portray a finished activity that occurred at a particular point previously (e.g., a year ago, 1 hour back, last Sunday). In the model underneath, the particular purpose of time in the past is 1998.
Example: Zimbardo (1998) investigated numerous parts of social brain research.
Present Perfect: Use the current wonderful to demonstrate an activity that happened at a vague time before. This activity has importance in the present. The current wonderful is likewise once in a while used to present foundation data in a section. After the primary sentence, the strained movements to the basic past.
Example: Numerous specialists have utilized this strategy.
Example: Many specialists have concentrated how entrepreneurs can be fruitful past the underlying scarcely any years in business. They discovered regular subjects among the entrepreneurs.
Future: Use the future to depict a move that will make place at a specific point later on (at Walden, this is utilized particularly when composing a proposition for a doctoral capstone study).
Example: I will lead semistructured interviews.
Remember that action word tenses ought to be changed after the proposition after the exploration has been finished. See this blog entry about Revising the Proposal for the Final Capstone Document for more data.